Glaucoma Treatment

If we talk about eye health then disorders like Glaucoma are found to be very common these days.

We usually don’t take initiatives towards our eye protection unless the situation worsens, practically leaving an individual blind.

We are living in those times where not only pollution but also digital devices, both are busy contributing damage to our eyes.

We often don’t bat an eye towards the sensitivity of our eye health but when we do, it is too late to consider conditions which might end up with unexpectedly irreversible damage.

Here, we will talk about glaucoma and its treatment.

We will tell you that how dangerous this condition is and how Iris is there to protect you against such disorders.

We must know what Glaucoma is

Glaucoma is basically an eye disorder which is caused due to increase in intraocular pressure in the eyeball.

This pressure increases with such pace an intensity that the individual’s optic nerve is unable to bear the pressure and ultimately it is damaged.

The worsening condition of an individual is a sign of carelessness and this act of carelessness leads to lifetime regret.

In most of the cases of Glaucoma, the patients end up losing their vision and thus considered blind.

A fluid called Aqueous Humor is being produced in the back side of our eyes.

The function of this fluid is to build enough pressure to keep the eye in its particular shape.

In normal circumstances when the eye is healthy, this fluid continuously drains out of the eye.

Now, when this fluid is unable to drain away to properly maintain the balance, the pressure begins to increase leaving the optic nerve exposed to this pressure.

The optic nerve is damaged and thus, symptoms of glaucoma begin to show.

Treatment of Glaucoma

According to medical sciences, glaucoma cannot be cured, but it can be treated to some extent where its damages can be controlled.

The patients might be treated with drugs, lasers, pills or surgeries keeping their health issues in mind.

Different cases of glaucoma are treated differently depending on their state and cause.

Some cases need a short course of treatment and the damage is stopped by drugs or pills.

Whereas, in some other cases the condition is so severely worsened that the patients are almost on the verge of losing their vision.

In such cases, the patient can only be rescued with the help of surgeries.

The eye specialist first goes through a detailed report of a patient’s health.

Based on that report, the specialist decides the direction of treatment.

It is necessary to know that what other diseases or conditions the patients are going through and which medicines are already prescribed to them.

It is necessary for the patient not to neglect the instructions and take all medications exactly the way described by the doctor.

Some treatments which ophthalmologists suggest are as follows:

Eye Drops

Eye drops are prescribed to those patients who have glaucoma in its initial stage or the stage where it can still be controlled. They are used to control eye pressure.

Like all other medicines, eye drops are also absorbed into the bloodstream therefore make sure your eye drops are absorbed more in the eye.

In order to minimize the quantity of eye drops being absorbed in the blood, administer one to two drops in the eye and close your eyes for a minute or two.

Now, press the inferior nasal corner of the eyelid with your index finger.

This will close the tear ducts which open in the nose.

A patient must tell their doctor about medicines prescribed by other doctors because sometimes two different drugs react with each other giving unexpectedly negative results which can lead to further disturbance in the body.

Of course, medicines don’t taste or smell good.

Like others, this too leaves a burning sensation in the eye for a few seconds.

Pills

Another treatment is the use of pills.

Pills very efficiently control intraocular pressure.

Sometimes these pills and eye drops, both are prescribed together for better functioning.

Pills have more effects than eye drops.

They reduce the production of aqueous humor and turn down the eye’s faucet.

This medication is taken from two to four times per day.

Again, the patients must tell about these pills to other doctors so that they can decide suitable medicines for them.

Surgeries

In an extreme case where pills, eye drops, tablets and other prescribed medicines don’t show desired results then in that case, ophthalmologists suggest surgeries.

This remains the only way to help patients save their eyesight.

In cases, where patients neglect their symptoms and don’t consult doctors for the alarming condition then those patients become the worst conditions.

In the beginning, they act cool and pretend that these symptoms will magically fade away but they don’t realize that giving a blind eye to those symptoms can actually give them a blind eye.

In the end, when they consult experts and specialists with intense glaucomatous effects the only solution left is surgery.

If surgery is not opted as the first priority the patients must prepare themselves for the worst results, which is to lose their vision and become blind forever.

There are several types of surgeries. Some of them are described below:

Laser Surgery

Laser surgery is growing common with every passing day.

Many people prefer his surgery at the time when drugs fail to show their effect.

Trabeculoplasty is a type of laser surgery, which barely takes ten to fifteen minutes.

It does not require an operation theatre, in fact, it can be performed anywhere in doctor’s room or where the patient can be facilitated.

In this surgery, a high energy beam is directed on the eye’s draining channels.

As a result, the channel system is given a very minor shape and the fluid, aqueous humor, easily drains out thus, reducing the intraocular pressure.

Patients find this surgery very effective.

They resume their daily chores normally.

The doctor keeps a check on intraocular pressure after the surgery.

Cycloablation

In this type of surgery, the amount of liquid is reduced by focusing two lasers beams.

As a result the ciliary body, which produces this fluid, is destroyed.

This surgery is only opted in the case where traditional treatments are not possible as they are not suitable because of the shape of the eye.

Whereas, in this case, an incision is made and an instrument is paced inside and the laser is then directly focused on the ciliary tissue.

Drainage Implant Surgery

Since the major cause is the drainage of aqueous humor, therefore many devices were introduced to help drain the fluid through channels.

All the devices which are designed follow the same structure and designing pattern.

They consist of a small silicon tube which enters into the anterior chamber of eye.

Several plates are connected to these tubes.

The fluid is collected in these plates and then gradually absorbed by the tissues of eye.

Those cases in which intraocular pressure can’t be controlled by other techniques, and then this surgery is suggested.

Trabeculectomy

In cases where medicines and laser surgeries don’t decrease the intraocular pressure then doctors suggest trabeculectomy.

It is one of the most common conventional surgeries.

During this operation, the surgeons make an incision in the white part of the eye called sclera.

By doing so a passage is formed through which excess fluid is drained.

A flap is created so that the excess fluid can drain but the eyeball retains its form and shape.

A bleb, a small bubble of fluid, is formed over the opening of the surface of the eye which indicates that fluid is draining in the cavity between sclera and conjunctiva.

The body responds to it as if it is an injury and the surgically made hole begins to close and the intraocular pressure rises again.

This is an attempt by the body to heal the injury. Due to this reason many surgeons use an anti-fibrotic agent.

It is an agent placed in the eye during surgery.

It limits the process of scarring.

In order to have a better control over intraocular pressure, patients take medication for some time.

Activities like driving, reading, bending must be limited for a week or two. Regular check-ups are a must.

How Iris helps you prevent Glaucoma?

Now we know that how threatening glaucoma is and that glaucoma treatment is complex.

Glaucoma needs to be sorted out with serious attention.

Here at Iris, we prefer finding solutions for your eye health.

Therefore, Iris presents itself for your ease and comfort.

Iris is a blue light blocking software.

When you continuously work in front of digital devices, blue lights are emitted in a quite considerable number.

Iris blocks these rays and does not allow them to escape the screen and reach you.

Once they reach you, they gradually cause damage.

Iris has been helping people all around the globe protecting their eyes from all the harmful blue lights.

Who doesn’t want to have a safe and secure experience of working on digital devices?

We guarantee you, you will never regret trusting Iris for your eye health.

 

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